Healthy Spine Is Our Priority

Welcome to Spine and Back Pain

The focus of this website is on degenerative spine disease. The nature of this website is purely informative. We do not offer consultations, nor we can advise on any individual condition.
All information and any advice provided are as accurate and as comprehensive as possible. Please remember that this represents only general guidance and should not be used as a substitute for the individual advice you might receive from consulting your doctor.
If these web pages are to be read by doctors and other healthcare professionals, please be aware that you must use your knowledge and clinical judgment when interpreting the information and deciding how best to apply it to the treatment of patients.


Conditions-about neck, back and low back pain provides the most complete and trustworthy information on spine and back pain conditions.


Tests-Disability assesments

The information provided is only a rough guideline, and it is not meant to substitute professional consultation.


Treatments-Physical therapy-Pain management

This guide includes important medication tips to take into consideration to help you and your family be healthy and safe.


Wellness and health

Although it is not always possible to prevent back and neck pain, there are steps people can take to help reduce the chance it will occur.


The list below covers the most common back and neck conditions and areas of spine-related pain.


Neck pain is becoming increasingly common, and this is mostly due to the sedentary lifestyle in the developed world. The incidence is generally higher in women. Frequently neck pain is associated with long working hours behind the computer. The estimated yearly incidence of neck pain ranges between 10% and 20%. More than half individuals with neck pain will recover within a year. However, relapses are frequent, and neck pain can become episodic or even continuous throughout person's lifetime. The neck pain is strongly related to environmental factors and in particular lousy posture..... Read more....


Thoracic back pain can be associated with low back pain and be an integral part of degenerative spine disease. Thoracic disc herniation is a rare condition. It comprises less the 1% of all disc herniations......Read more....


Low and lower back pain can vary from dull pain that develops gradually to sudden, sharp or persistent pain felt below the waist. The most common cause is muscle strain often related to heavy physical labor, lifting or forceful movement, bending or twisting into awkward positions, or standing in one position too long.....Read more....

Human vertebral column


The information provided is only a rough guideline, and it is not meant to substitute professional consultation.
We strongly recommend to complete the Red Flag Test first.

Free online assesments tests
Red Flag

Red flags are features from a patients subjective and objective assessment which are thought to put them at a higher risk of serious pathology and warrant referral for further diagnostic testing.

Oswestry Disability

The Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire) is an important tool that researchers and disability evaluators use to measure a patient's functional disability.

The Quebec Scale

Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale is a questionnaire used to measure the level of functional disability in patients with low back pain. It is useful in monitoring evolution of low back pain and responsiveness to rehabilitation programme and individual progress.

Keele screening

Is a brief validated tool, designed to screen primary care patients with low back pain for prognostic indicators that are relevant to initial decision making. This test is mostly concerned with a psychological aspect of the spinal disorder.


Roland Morris test is designed to assess self-rated physical disability caused by low back pain. This Questionnaire is most sensitive for patients with mild to moderate disability due to acute, sub-acute or chronic low back pain.


Treatments for back pain vary widely. It's important to understand all of your options. Whether you choose to use over-the-counter pain relievers, physical therapy, a minimally invasive procedure like microdisectomy, or more extensive surgery such as anterior/posterior lumbar fusion, knowing about each treatment extensively will help speed up recovery. The more knowledgeable you are, the more comfortable you will be participating in your treatment and recovery.


Physical therapy helps place patients on the right track by exercising weak points and regaining strength that may have been lost. An exercise program should be tailored to the individual's condition and pain level, and include a combination of stretching, strengthening and aerobic conditioning.


Pain management is designed to treat chronic pain and allow a person to live a full, enjoyable life. Pain management requires a person's dedication, commitment, and knowledge in order to achieve the best results. It can be a great alternative to back pain surgery.


Options exist beyond surgery and medication to help you deal with your pain, but it can be difficult to know whether an alternative treatment will help reduce your pain and suffering. Whether you're consider Acupuncture, Yoga, Pilates, diet changes, or physical therapy to help provide pain relief, deeper knowledge and insight into these alternatives is vital to successful pain recovery.


Sometimes, it is reasonable to consider spine surgery if the pain has not diminished after months of non-surgical treatment, if pain does not respond to medication, or if you're unable to complete basic daily activities. Some surgery options are minimally invasive (microdiscectomy for a herniated disc), while other types of surgery (a fusion procedures for degenerative disc disease) are more extensive.


Wellness is the dynamic process of becoming aware of, taking responsibility for, and making choices that directly contribute to one's well being and that of the common good.

Prevention and Wellness

Wellness-stress free woman

We view wellness as much more than just a state of physical health. It also encompasses emotional stability, clear thinking, the ability to love, create, embrace change, exercise intuition and experience a continuing sense of spirituality.

Exercise and Fitness

Fitness-cute couple doing exercise

The benefits of exercise are numerous, and can help to prevent some conditions from heart attacks to back and neck pain. Flexibility training, strength training and cardiovascular exercise play an important role in a healthy exercise routine and good spinal health.

Healthy Eating

Healthy eating-plate full of vegetables

Achieving a healthy weight impacts every part of your body, and your spine certainly benefits. It's not uncommon for people who are overweight to have back pain. When they lose weight, their back pain tends to reduce significantly.